All about Brain: Structure, Common Diseases, and Injury Prevention
Nov 2, 2018
All about the Brain: Brain Structure, Common Diseases, and Injury Prevention

Although we are not yet able to cure all illnesses, the continued development of cutting-edge medicine is believed to be capable of treating many of the diseases previously considered untreatable. In keeping with this trend, the average lifespan of humankind is also increasing.
However, the brain continues to remain the most unknown area of the human body. Recent studies have revealed many things about the human brain, such as completing a 'standard brain map' that predicts the risk of cerebral infarction, but there is still a long way to go in order to be able to say that we conquered the brain.


Genius Brain

How is the brain of a so-called genius different from the brain of an ordinary person? We know that the scientist, Albert Einstein died of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in 1955. Dr Thomas Harvey of Princeton University Hospital studied Einstein's brain for 20 years. Many people thought that Einstein's brain would be different, but despite 20 years of research, there was no big difference found between his brain and the brain of an ordinary person.

What is Brain Brain Injury Stroke Neofect Rapael Home

The Brain may be Small but it Is the Most Important Organ

Although the brain only weighs on average about 2% of one's body weight, it plays a huge role in our body. The brain consists of over 100 billion nerve cells (Neurons) which are responsible for sending information throughout the body coordinating all the necessary functions of life.
The brain is divided into the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere. The left side of the brain is responsible for controlling the right side of your body and the right side of the brain is responsible for controlling the left side of the body. The left side of the brain controls tasks that have to do with logic such as science and math where the right side of the brain controls tasks that have to do with creativity such as art.
The frontal lobe plays the most important role in the brain, including motor function, language, thinking and emotional control. The temporal lobe is responsible for memory, knowledge, and auditory function. The occipital lobe plays a role in recognizing the visual information of our eyes. And the parietal lobe is responsible for tasks related to space recognition or mathematical calculations.

Various Brain Disease

The most common diseases that affect the brain are as follows: Stroke, Alzheimer's, dementia, Cerebral Palsy, Traumatic Brain Injury, Parkinson's Disease, and Brain tumors (Brain Cancer).

RAPAEL Cognition ComCog Cognitive exercise

Habits are More Important than Foods for Brain Injury Prevention

As one age the human brain loses its functionality year after year, therefore it is very important for you to preserve brain functions when you are young. People often ask, “What kind of food is best for the brain?” However, the answer is not food, it is moderate mental stimulation that will help to preserve the brain.
Cognitive exercise, such as taking a cooking class, world puzzles, spot the difference, is often recommended for 50-60-year-olds in order to prevent dementia. One of NEOFECT Rehab Solutions provides collective cognitive exercises that you can do anywhere at any time. RAPAEL Cognition consists of activities that focus on attention and memory.

To prevent brain diseases that occur in old age, it is essential to manage risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. It is also important that keep healthy by staying active. If you smoke, you should try to stop smoking as smoking increases the risk of brain diseases.

Reference: Kim, Beomjoon. Bundang Seoul Univ. Hospital Official Blog.

Siena Conde
Clinical Manager / Occupational Therapist

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